What is a Bapi and Business Object in SAP

Business Application Programming Interface(BAPI), Business Object Repository(BOR) and Business Object in SAP

A+ A-


BAPI stands for Business Application Programming Interface (B + API), BAPI`s are methods (Function Modules) defined in Business Object Repository (BOR).

Before going to BAPI, we need to get understanding on BOR.

Business Object:

Business Object is similar to class, which is a group of attributes, methods, interfaces, events and key fields for a particular business application or scenario.

Examples for BOR are BUS1001 - Material Business Object, BUS2012 - Purchase Order Business Object.

Business Object Repository (BOR):

It is a repository or container of business objects, T-code for BOR (Business Object Repository) is SWO1.

Example for understanding:

Go to SWO1, provide name as BUS1001 and click display.

Expand methods, double click on any method, click on ABAP tab and you will find BAPI name.


What is a BAPI?

BAPI is a remote enabled function module, which is used to communicate between SAP to SAP, SAP to NON-SAP systems.

BAPI RFC function module will be inserted into business object, it will convert into BAPI.

How BAPI is created?

  • Remote Enabled Function Module created.
  • Remote enabled function module inserted into a business object.
  • BAPI created.

Uses of BAPI

In SAP BAPI`s can be used for

  • Generating reports.
  • For communication between different servers SAP – SAP or SAP – NON-SAP.
  • BAPI`s can be used for data migration.

Difference between BAPI and RFC.



Used for communication Between SAP – SAP and SAP – non-SAP

Used for communication Between SAP – SAP and SAP – non-SAP

BAPI is a part of business object, it can communicate with other BAPI`s.

RFC is a standalone function module, it cannot communicate with other RFC`s

BAPI Uses Object Oriented concepts

RFC uses procedure oriented concepts

Was this lesson helpful to you? Yes No 111 People out of 114 think this lesson helpful

Lesson Navigation

RFC Development← Previous Lesson
Next Chapter →