What is ERP ? What is SAP and why SAP ?

What is an ERP? What is SAP ERP Software? Introduction to SAP ERP and List of modules in SAP ERP

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SAP Software is a ERP( Enterprise Resource Planing) solution, through which large and medium scale companies can manage their business.SAP Software is produced by a German based company SAP.

SAP Company: SAP Company, founded in 1972 in Germany by five former employees of IBM, namely, Dietmar Hopp, Klaus Tschira, Hans-Werner Hector, Hasso Plattner, and Claus Wellenreuther and they released standard versions called R1 and R2 in the early days, and they released 3-tier architecture R3 in 1990`s which was very successful.

In 2000 SAP released ECC (Enterprise Central Component), latest version in market is ECC 6.0 and they are adding additions to this in the form of enhancement packs.

Why SAP?

Through SAP software a company can plan their business in different aspects like Supply Chain Solutions, Material Management, Sales and Distribution, Finance controlling, Human Resource planing, etc.

The total SAP Software is built using ABAP Programming Language, which is a standard programming language developed by SAP it self, we call ABAP as 4th Generation Programming Language (ABAP/4)

Some of Modules in SAP are:

  • SAP FI module: FI stands for Financial Accounting.
  • SAP CO module: CO stands for Controlling.
  • SAP CRM module: CRM stands for Customer Relationship Management.
  • SAP CS module: CS stands for Customer Service.
  • SAP EC module: EC stands for Enterprise Controlling.
  • SAP EHS module: EHS stands for Environment, Health and Safety.
  • SAP FM module: FM stands for Fleet Management.
  • SAP FSCM module: FSCM stands for Financial Supply Chain Management.
  • SAP HR module: HR stands for Human Resources.
  • SAP IM module: IM stands for Investment Management.
  • SAP MM module: MM stands for Materials Management .
  • SAP PLM module: PLM stands for Product Life Cycle Management.
  • SAP PM module: PM stands for Plant Maintenance.
  • SAP PP module: PP stands for Production Planning.
  • SAP Product Costing: Product Costing deals with Plan Costing Actual Costing of Finish products.
  • SAP PS module: PS stands for Project Systems.
  • SAP QM module: QM stands for Quality Management.
  • SAP RE module: RE stands for Real Estate.
  • SAP SD module: SD stands for Sales and Distribution.
  • SAP SM module: SM stands for Service Management.
  • SAP TR module: TR stands for Treasury.
  • SAP WM module: WM stands for Warehouse Management.
  • SAP LO module: LO stands for Logistics General.
  • SAP ABAP module: ABAP stands for Advanced Business Application Programming.
  • SAP Basis module: Basis also known as Basis Admin is typically the administration of SAP.
  • SAP BI module: BI stands for Business Intelligence.
  • SAP BPC module: BPC stands for Business Planning and Consolidation.
  • SAP BODI module: BODI stands for Business Objects Data Integrator.
  • SAP EP module: EP stands for Enterprise Portal.
  • SAP GRC module: GRC stands for Group Risk Compliance.
  • SAP MDM module: MDM stands for Master Data Management.
  • SAP Netweaver module: Netweaver provides technical foundation for SAP applications.
  • SAP Security module: Security ensures security of enterprise operations.
  • SAP Solution Manager module: Solution Manager facilitates technical support for distributed systems.
  • SAP XI module: SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI) enables you to implement cross-system processes on services.
  • SAP PI module: SAP Process Integration (SAP PI) is enterprise application integration (EAI)software.
Note: The explanation is a brief introduction of SAP and its modules, please refer standard SAP library for full documentation.

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